What is Asthma?
Asthma is the disease of the lung which is a long term disease. It causes your windpipe to get constricted and narrow and causes difficulty in breathing. Serve cases of asthma can cause even the death of people so you often may hear your doctor calling I t “Chronic Disease”
According to the WHO about 25 million people in the America are the patient of the Asthma and nearly 1.7 million people visit a doctor as an emergency case. Don’t worry you may live a healthy life with treatment.
Types of Asthma
Asthma may occur in very different ways and it may be due to the different reasons. The triggers for asthma causing may be the same such as drinking alcohol, smoking cigarettes, bacteria and viruses, airborne disease mould etc.
Below are some types of common Asthma:
- Occupational Asthma
Occupational asthma may be caused due to the allergy-causing agents present in the workplace.
This type of asthma is mainly caused to those people who are very prone to allergy of:
- Contamination with the smoke in the air, vapors, dust and fumes
- Allergens in the air such as molds, pollen animal dander etc.
- Respiratory infections especially cold and flu.
Those with higher risk include people who:
- Smoke cigarettes
- Have environmental allergies
- Childhood Asthma
It is the most common type of asthma among children. It is also known as the chronic type of asthma among the children. It is slightly common in children than in adults.
Some of the common triggers of child asthma include:
- Stress, excitement
- Sudden temperature change
- Respiratory disease like colds and flu
- Smoke in the air, ozone, vapors, fumes and dust
- Long time exposures to cold
If the child shows any symptoms of asthma immediately consult your doctor otherwise it may be life-threatening.
- Exercise -Induced Asthma
This type of asthma is mainly triggered by physical exercise and hard work.
The symptoms are seen only during the exercise. The symptoms of this asthma begin with few minutes of doing exercise and worsen after few minutes when exercise is stopped.
- narrowing of windpipe
Consult your doctor if such symptoms is seen during exercise.
- Adult-Onset Asthma
Adult-onset asthma is seen in people of any age especially to the adults. According to the health report 2019 adults are more likely to suffer from asthma than the children.
Triggers for the Adult-Onset Asthma includes:
- Hormonal Factors
- Smoking weeds, cigarette
- Respiratory illness like cold, flu
- Contamination with the smoke in the air, vapors, dust, pollen and fumes etc.
- Seasonal Asthma
This type of asthma is usually caused by the allergists present in the environment like dust, smoke, pollen, vapours etc.
The cold in the winter season, pollen in the spring season, dust in the dry season may cause Asthma and mainly be categorized into seasonal asthma.
Symptoms of Asthma
- Coughing specially at morning and at night
- Shortness of breath
- Patient my feel tightness, pressure and pain on the chest
- Breathing problems
- Trouble in sleeping due to breathing problem.
Causes and Triggered of Asthma
The exact cause of asthma is still unknown but environmental and genetic factors the main causes of asthma.
Some of the causes and triggered of asthma are listed below
According to the WHO, smoking during the period of pregnancy appears to increase the risk of developing the Asthma to the child. While, some women also experience the symptoms of asthma during the pregnancy period.
According to the American Lung Association, smoking cigarettes can trigger the asthma symptoms.
- Environmental Factors
Environmental pollution affects the development and triggers the symptoms of asthma. For E.g., Smoke, dust, molds, pollen, animal hair, fumes from household cleaners and paints, feathers, ground-level ozone etc.
Stress can give rise to asthma symptoms.
According to WHO, sudden joy, anger, excitement and other emotional reaction can cause an asthma attack. Asthma may be more likely in people with mental disorders.
- Genetic Factor
Recently, scientists have found that some of the genetic changes play important role in the development of asthma symptoms. This may be due to the environmental factor that causes a gene to change.
Scientists have found that the people with the obesity have a higher level of asthma than that of normal people. In one study it has been found that children with obesity who lost weight saw improvements in their asthma symptoms.
One study has found that 60 to 80 % of people with asthma are sensitive to any kind of allergy.
- Hormonal Factors
About 5.5% of males and 9.7% of females have asthma. The symptoms may vary according to the females reproductive stage and menstrual cycle. Some scientists believed that hormonal activity may impact immune activity, resulting in the asthma symptoms.
Diagnosis and Treatment
For the diagnosis and treatment of the asthma, the doctor may ask the patient about the symptoms, personal medical history and family medical history.
Here are some of the test that is used in the diagnosis of the Asthma:
- Physical Examination
The doctor will check your upper respiratory tract, chest and whether the muscles in your chest tighten or not. The doctor will check the skin for the sign of eczema or hives. They will listen to the sign of wheezing and check whether the nose is runny or not, the nasal passages are swollen or not.
If the doctor fails to identify the asthma through the physical examination then he will perform the lung function test to assess how well the lung function is working. i.e. spirometry test.
3.A skin prick
A doctor uses this type of test to identify the specific allergy. This help to find out whether the asthma is caused by allergy or not.
4.A challenge Test
This test disease helps to identify the doctor how the cold weather , exercise and other factors are affecting the person breathing.
5.Test to Rule out Other Conditions
Sputum tests, X-rays and other different types of tests can help found out either the person is suffering from sinusitis, bronchitis and other factors that affect the persons breathing.
Asthma is an acute chronic inflammatory disease that causes narrowing and swelling in the air path.
It affects the people of any age and symptoms may be served.
Visit your doctor as soon as the symptoms are seen.